Professional Brick Paving

Looking for the Best Services in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida?

We specialize in everything pavers to create your perfect outdoor paradise. Creating aesthetically durable paver spaces will turn your home into the home of your dreams for years to come.

We specialize in everything pavers to create your perfect outdoor paradise. Creating aesthetically durable paver spaces will turn your home into the home of your dreams for years to come.

We specialize in everything pavers to create your perfect outdoor paradise. Creating aesthetically durable paver spaces will turn your home into the home of your dreams for years to come.

OUR QUALITY COMES FIRST

We are family owned and operated company whose owner and staff have over 15 years of experience in the paver installation industry.

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ABOUT INSTALL BRICK PAVER

With more than 15 years in the pavers industry, we have multiple teams of professional installers who are experts in their fields and give attention to every last detail to assure job that the job will be done right.

We are based in Orlando and we cover most of Central Florida including but not limited to Daytona Beach, and Ocala.

Our commitment to supplying the finest quality products and installations available has provided a wide network of customers and referrals. Customer satisfaction is everything to us.

Florida is a state in the Southeastern region of the United States, bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico; Alabama to the northwest; Georgia to the north; the Bahamas and Atlantic Ocean to the east; and the Straits of Florida and Cuba to the south. It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. With a population exceeding 21 million, it is the third-most populous state in the nation and ranks 8th in population density as of 2020. It spans 65,758 square miles (170,310 km), ranking 22nd in area among the 50 states. The Miami metropolitan area, anchored by the cities of Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach, is the state's largest metropolitan area with a population of 6.138 million, and the state's most-populous city is Jacksonville with a population of 949,611. Florida's other major population centers include Tampa Bay, Orlando, Cape Coral, and the state capital of Tallahassee.

Various Native American groups have inhabited Florida for at least 14,000 years. In 1513, Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León became the first known European to make landfall, calling the region La Florida ([la floˈɾiða] for its lush greenery and the Easter season (Pascua Florida in Spanish). Florida subsequently became the first area in the continental U.S. to be permanently settled by Europeans, with the Spanish colony of St. Augustine, founded in 1565, being the oldest continuously inhabited city. Florida was repeatedly contested by Spain and Great Britain before being ceded to the U.S. in 1819; it was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. Florida was the principal location of the Seminole Wars (1816–1858), the longest and most extensive of the Indian Wars in U.S. history. The state seceded from the Union on January 10, 1861, becoming one of the seven original Confederate States, and was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War on June 25, 1868.

Since the mid-20th century, Florida has experienced rapid demographic and economic growth. Its economy, with a gross state product (GSP) of $1.4 trillion, is the fourth-largest of any U.S. state and the 16th-largest in the world; the main sectors are tourism, hospitality, agriculture, real estate, and transportation. Florida is world-renowned for its beach resorts, amusement parks, warm and sunny climate, and nautical recreation; attractions such as Walt Disney World, the Kennedy Space Center, and Miami Beach draw tens of millions of visitors annually. Florida is a popular destination for retirees, seasonal vacationers, and both domestic and international migrants; it hosts nine out of the ten fastest-growing communities in the U.S. The state's close proximity to the ocean has shaped its culture, identity, and daily life; its colonial history and successive waves of migration are reflected in African, European, Indigenous, Latino, and Asian influences. Florida has attracted or inspired some of the most prominent American writers, including Ernest Hemingway, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes, particularly in golf, tennis, auto racing, and water sports. Florida has been considered a battleground state in American presidential elections, particularly those in 2000, 2016, and 2020.

About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. It has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, spanning approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), not including its many barrier islands. Florida has 4,510 islands that are ten acres (4.0 hectares) or larger in area, the second-largest of any state after Alaska. Much of Florida is at or near sea level, and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida is the flattest state in the country, with the lowest high point of any U.S. state, at just 345 feet (105 meters). Florida's largest freshwater lake, Lake Okeechobee, is the second-largest located entirely within the contiguous 48 states and often referred to as an inland sea. Several beaches in Florida have turquoise and emerald-colored coastal waters.

Florida's climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. It is the only state besides Hawaii to have a tropical climate, and is the only continental state with both a tropical climate, located at the southern portion of the state, and a coral reef. Florida has several unique ecosystems, including Everglades National Park, the largest tropical wilderness in the U.S. and among the largest in the Americas. Unique wildlife include the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, and manatee. The Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, and the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world after the Great Barrier Reef, and Belize Barrier Reef.

People, known as Paleo-Indians, entered Florida at least 14,000 years ago. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major groups of people living in Florida included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, and the Calusa of southwest Florida.

Florida was the first region of what is now the contiguous United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513. He named it La Florida in recognition of the verdant landscape and because it was the Easter season, which the Spaniards called Pascua Florida (Festival of Flowers). The following day they came ashore to seek information and take possession of this new land. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and appeared only long after his death.

In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land. He described a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet (21 m), with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, cattle, horses, sheep, the Castilian language, and more to Florida. Spain established several settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was mostly abandoned by 1561.

In 1564–1565, there was a French settlement at Fort Caroline, in present Duval County, which was destroyed by the Spanish.

In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine (San Agustín) was established under the leadership of admiral and governor Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, creating what would become one of the oldest, continuously occupied European settlements in the continental U.S. and establishing the first generation of Floridanos and the Government of Florida. Spain maintained strategic control over the region by converting the local tribes to Christianity. The marriage between Luisa de Abrego, a free black domestic servant from Seville, and Miguel Rodríguez, a white Segovian, occurred in 1565 in St. Augustine. It is the first recorded Christian marriage in the continental United States.

Some Spanish married or had unions with Pensacola, Creek, or African women, both slave and free, and their descendants created a mixed-race population of mestizos and mulattoes. The Spanish encouraged slaves from the Thirteen Colonies to come to Florida as a refuge, promising freedom in exchange for conversion to Catholicism. King Charles II of Spain issued a royal proclamation freeing all slaves who fled to Spanish Florida and accepted conversion and baptism. Most went to the area around St. Augustine, but escaped slaves also reached Pensacola. St. Augustine had mustered an all-black militia unit defending Spanish Florida as early as 1683.

The geographical area of Spanish claims in La Florida diminished with the establishment of English settlements to the north and French claims to the west. English colonists and buccaneers launched several attacks on St. Augustine in the 17th and 18th centuries, razing the city and its cathedral to the ground several times. Spain built the Castillo de San Marcos in 1672 and Fort Matanzas in 1742 to defend Florida's capital city from attacks, and to maintain its strategic position in the defense of the Captaincy General of Cuba and the Spanish West Indies.

In 1738, the Spanish governor of Florida Manuel de Montiano established Fort Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose near St. Augustine, a fortified town for escaped slaves to whom Montiano granted citizenship and freedom in return for their service in the Florida militia, and which became the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in North America.

In 1763, Spain traded Florida to the Kingdom of Great Britain for control of Havana, Cuba, which had been captured by the British during the Seven Years' War. The trade was done as part of the 1763 Treaty of Paris which ended the Seven Years' War. Spain was granted Louisiana from France due to their loss of Florida. A large portion of the Florida population left, taking along large portions of the remaining indigenous population with them to Cuba. The British soon constructed the King's Road connecting St. Augustine to Georgia. The road crossed the St. Johns River at a narrow point called Wacca Pilatka, or the British name "Cow Ford", reflecting the fact that cattle were brought across the river there.

The British divided and consolidated the Florida provinces (Las Floridas) into East Florida and West Florida, a division the Spanish government kept after the brief British period. The British government gave land grants to officers and soldiers who had fought in the French and Indian War in order to encourage settlement. In order to induce settlers to move to Florida, reports of its natural wealth were published in England. A number of British settlers who were described as being "energetic and of good character" moved to Florida, mostly coming from South Carolina, Georgia and England. There was also a group of settlers who came from the colony of Bermuda. This was the first permanent English-speaking population in what is now Duval County, Baker County, St. Johns County and Nassau County. The British constructed good public roads and introduced the cultivation of sugar cane, indigo and fruits, as well as the export of lumber.

The British governors were directed to call general assemblies as soon as possible in order to make laws for the Floridas, and in the meantime they were, with the advice of councils, to establish courts. This was the first introduction of the English-derived legal system which Florida still has today, including trial by jury, habeas corpus and county-based government. Neither East Florida nor West Florida sent any representatives to Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence. Florida remained a Loyalist stronghold for the duration of the American Revolution.

Spain regained both East and West Florida after Britain's defeat in the Revolutionary War and the subsequent Treaty of Versailles in 1783, and continued the provincial divisions until 1821.

Defense of Florida's northern border with the United States was minor during the second Spanish period. The region became a haven for escaped slaves and a base for Indian attacks against U.S. territories, and the U.S. pressed Spain for reform.

Americans of English and Scots-Irish descent began moving into northern Florida from the backwoods of Georgia and South Carolina. Though technically not allowed by the Spanish authorities and the Floridan government, they were never able to effectively police the border region and the backwoods settlers from the United States would continue to immigrate into Florida unchecked. These migrants, mixing with the already present British settlers who had remained in Florida since the British period, would be the progenitors of the population known as Florida Crackers.

These American settlers established a permanent foothold in the area and ignored Spanish authorities. The British settlers who had remained also resented Spanish rule, leading to a rebellion in 1810 and the establishment for ninety days of the so-called Free and Independent Republic of West Florida on September 23. After meetings beginning in June, rebels overcame the garrison at Baton Rouge (now in Louisiana), and unfurled the flag of the new republic: a single white star on a blue field. This flag would later become known as the "Bonnie Blue Flag".

In 1810, parts of West Florida were annexed by the proclamation of President James Madison, who claimed the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase. These parts were incorporated into the newly formed Territory of Orleans. The U.S. annexed the Mobile District of West Florida to the Mississippi Territory in 1812. Spain continued to dispute the area, though the United States gradually increased the area it occupied. In 1812, a group of settlers from Georgia, with de facto support from the U.S. federal government, attempted to overthrow the Floridan government in the province of East Florida. The settlers hoped to convince Floridians to join their cause and proclaim independence from Spain, but the settlers lost their tenuous support from the federal government and abandoned their cause by 1813.

Traditionally, historians argued that Seminoles based in East Florida began raiding Georgia settlements, and offering havens for runaway slaves. The United States Army led increasingly frequent incursions into Spanish territory, including the 1817–1818 campaign against the Seminole Indians by Andrew Jackson that became known as the First Seminole War. The United States now effectively controlled East Florida. Control was necessary according to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams because Florida had become "a derelict open to the occupancy of every enemy, civilized or savage, of the United States, and serving no other earthly purpose than as a post of annoyance to them."

More recent historians describe that after U.S. independence, settlers in Georgia increased pressure on Seminole lands, and skirmishes near the border led to the First Seminole War (1816–19). The United States purchased Florida from Spain by the Adams-Onis Treaty (1819) and took possession in 1821. The Seminole were moved out of their rich farmland in northern Florida and confined to a large reservation in the interior of the Florida peninsula by the Treaty of Moultrie Creek (1823). Passage of the Indian Removal Act (1830) led to the Treaty of Payne's Landing (1832), which called for the relocation of all Seminole to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Some resisted, leading to the Second Seminole War, the bloodiest war against Native Americans in United States history. By 1842, however, most Seminoles and Black Seminoles, facing starvation, were removed to Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River. Perhaps fewer than 200 Seminoles remained in Florida after the Third Seminole War (1855–1858), having taken refuge in the Everglades, from where they never surrendered to the US. They fostered a resurgence in traditional customs and a culture of staunch independence.

Florida had become a burden to Spain, which could not afford to send settlers or troops due to the devastation caused by the Peninsular War. Madrid, therefore, decided to cede the territory to the United States through the Adams–Onís Treaty, which took effect in 1821. President James Monroe was authorized on March 3, 1821, to take possession of East Florida and West Florida for the United States and provide for initial governance. Andrew Jackson, on behalf of the U.S. federal government, served as a military commissioner with the powers of governor of the newly acquired territory for a brief period. On March 30, 1822, the U.S. Congress merged East Florida and part of West Florida into the Florida Territory.

By the early 1800s, Indian removal was a significant issue throughout the southeastern U.S. and also in Florida. In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act and as settlement increased, pressure grew on the U.S. government to remove the Indians from Florida. Seminoles offered sanctuary to blacks, and these became known as the Black Seminoles, and clashes between whites and Indians grew with the influx of new settlers. In 1832, the Treaty of Payne's Landing promised to the Seminoles lands west of the Mississippi River if they agreed to leave Florida. Many Seminole left at this time.

Some Seminoles remained, and the U.S. Army arrived in Florida, leading to the Second Seminole War (1835–1842). Following the war, approximately 3,000 Seminole and 800 Black Seminole were removed to Indian Territory. A few hundred Seminole remained in Florida in the Everglades.

On March 3, 1845, only one day before the end of President John Tyler's term in office, Florida became the 27th state, admitted as a slave state and no longer a sanctuary for runaway slaves. Initially its population grew slowly.

As European settlers continued to encroach on Seminole lands, the United States intervened to move the remaining Seminoles to the West. The Third Seminole War (1855–58) resulted in the forced removal of most of the remaining Seminoles, although hundreds of Seminole Indians remained in the Everglades.

The first settlements and towns in South Florida were founded much later than those in the northern part of the state. The first permanent European settlers arrived in the early 19th century. People came from the Bahamas to South Florida and the Keys to hunt for treasure from the ships that ran aground on the treacherous Great Florida Reef. Some accepted Spanish land offers along the Miami River. At about the same time, the Seminole Indians arrived, along with a group of runaway slaves. The area was affected by the Second Seminole War, during which Major William S. Harney led several raids against the Indians. Most non-Indian residents were soldiers stationed at Fort Dallas. It was the most devastating Indian war in American history, causing almost a total loss of population in Miami.

After the Second Seminole War ended in 1842, William English re-established a plantation started by his uncle on the Miami River. He charted the "Village of Miami" on the south bank of the Miami River and sold several plots of land. In 1844, Miami became the county seat, and six years later a census reported there were ninety-six residents in the area. The Third Seminole War was not as destructive as the second, but it slowed the settlement of southeast Florida. At the end of the war, a few of the soldiers stayed.

American settlers began to establish cotton plantations in north Florida, which required numerous laborers, which they supplied by buying slaves in the domestic market. By 1860, Florida had only 140,424 people, of whom 44% were enslaved. There were fewer than 1,000 free African Americans before the American Civil War.

On January 10, 1861, nearly all delegates in the Florida Legislature approved an ordinance of secession, declaring Florida to be "a sovereign and independent nation"—an apparent reassertion to the preamble in Florida's Constitution of 1838, in which Florida agreed with Congress to be a "Free and Independent State." The ordinance declared Florida's secession from the Union, allowing it to become one of the founding members of the Confederate States.

The Confederacy received little military help from Florida; the 15,000 troops it offered were generally sent elsewhere. Instead of troops and manufactured goods, Florida did provide salt and, more importantly, beef to feed the Confederate armies. This was particularly important after 1864, when the Confederacy lost control of the Mississippi River, thereby losing access to Texas beef. The largest engagements in the state were the Battle of Olustee, on February 20, 1864, and the Battle of Natural Bridge, on March 6, 1865. Both were Confederate victories. The war ended in 1865.

Following the American Civil War, Florida's congressional representation was restored on June 25, 1868, albeit forcefully after Reconstruction and the installation of unelected government officials under the final authority of federal military commanders. After the Reconstruction period ended in 1876, white Democrats regained power in the state legislature. In 1885, they created a new constitution, followed by statutes through 1889 that disfranchised most blacks and many poor whites.

In the pre-automobile era, railroads played a key role in the state's development, particularly in coastal areas. In 1883, the Pensacola and Atlantic Railroad connected Pensacola and the rest of the Panhandle to the rest of the state. In 1884 the South Florida Railroad (later absorbed by Atlantic Coast Line Railroad) opened full service to Tampa. In 1894 the Florida East Coast Railway reached West Palm Beach; in 1896 it reached Biscayne Bay near Miami. Numerous other railroads were built all over the interior of the state.

Historically, Florida's economy has been based primarily upon agricultural products such as citrus fruits, strawberries, nuts, sugarcane and cattle. The boll weevil devastated cotton crops during the early 20th century.

Until the mid-20th century, Florida was the least-populous state in the southern United States. In 1900, its population was only 528,542, of whom nearly 44% were African American, the same proportion as before the Civil War. Forty thousand blacks, roughly one-fifth of their 1900 population levels in Florida, left the state in the Great Migration. They left due to lynchings and racial violence and for better opportunities in the North and the West. Disfranchisement for most African Americans in the state persisted until the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s gained federal legislation in 1965 to enforce protection of their constitutional suffrage.

In response to racial segregation in Florida, a number of protests occurred in Florida during the 1950s and 1960s as part of the Civil Rights Movement. In 1956–1957, students at Florida A&M University organized a bus boycott in Tallahassee to mimic the Montgomery bus boycott and succeeded in integrating the city's buses. Students also held sit-ins in 1960 in protest of segregated seating at local lunch counters, and in 1964 an incident at a St. Augustine motel pool, in which the owner poured acid into the water during a demonstration, influenced the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

Economic prosperity in the 1920s stimulated tourism to Florida and related development of hotels and resort communities. Combined with its sudden elevation in profile was the Florida land boom of the 1920s, which brought a brief period of intense land development. In 1925, the Seaboard Air Line broke the FEC's southeast Florida monopoly and extended its freight and passenger service to West Palm Beach; two years later it extended passenger service to Miami. Devastating hurricanes in 1926 and 1928, followed by the Great Depression, brought that period to a halt. Florida's economy did not fully recover until the military buildup for World War II.

In 1939, Florida was described as "still very largely an empty State." Subsequently, the growing availability of air conditioning, the climate, and a low cost of living made the state a haven. Migration from the Rust Belt and the Northeast sharply increased Florida's population after 1945. In the 1960s, many refugees from Cuba fleeing Fidel Castro's communist regime arrived in Miami at the Freedom Tower, where the federal government used the facility to process, document and provide medical and dental services for the newcomers. As a result, the Freedom Tower was also called the "Ellis Island of the South." In recent decades, more migrants have come for the jobs in a developing economy.

With a population of more than 18 million, according to the 2010 census, Florida is the most populous state in the southeastern United States and the third-most populous in the United States. The population of Florida has boomed in recent years with the state being the recipient of the largest number of out-of-state movers in the country as of 2019. Florida's growth has been widespread, as cities throughout the state have continued to see population growth.

In 2012, the killing of Trayvon Martin, a young black man, by George Zimmerman in Sanford drew national attention to Florida's stand-your-ground laws, and sparked African-American activism nationally, including the Black Lives Matter movement.

After Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico in September 2017, a large population of Puerto Ricans began moving to Florida to escape the widespread destruction. Hundreds of thousands of Puerto Ricans arrived in Florida after Maria dissipated, with nearly half of them arriving in Orlando and large populations also moving to Tampa, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach.

A handful of high-profile mass shootings have occurred in Florida in the 21st century. In June 2016, a gunman killed 49 people at a gay nightclub in Orlando. It is the deadliest incident in the history of violence against LGBT people in the United States, as well as the deadliest terrorist attack in the U.S. since the September 11 attacks in 2001, and it was the deadliest mass shooting by a single gunman in U.S. history until the 2017 Las Vegas shooting. In February 2018, 17 people were killed in a school shooting at Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, leading to new gun control regulations at both the state and federal level.

On June 24, 2021, a condominium in Surfside, Florida, near Miami collapsed, killing at least 97 people. The Surfside collapse is tied with the Knickerbocker Theatre collapse as the third-deadliest structural engineering failure in United States history, behind the Hyatt Regency walkway collapse and the collapse of the Pemberton Mill.

Much of Florida is on a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean and the Straits of Florida. Spanning two time zones, it extends to the northwest into a panhandle, extending along the northern Gulf of Mexico. It is bordered on the north by Georgia and Alabama, and on the west, at the end of the panhandle, by Alabama. It is the only state that borders both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Florida also is the southernmost of the 48 contiguous states, Hawaii being the only one of the fifty states reaching farther south. Florida is west of the Bahamas and 90 miles (140 km) north of Cuba. Florida is one of the largest states east of the Mississippi River, and only Alaska and Michigan are larger in water area. The water boundary is 3 nautical miles (3.5 mi; 5.6 km) offshore in the Atlantic Ocean and 9 nautical miles (10 mi; 17 km) offshore in the Gulf of Mexico.

At 345 feet (105 m) above mean sea level, Britton Hill is the highest point in Florida and the lowest highpoint of any U.S. state. Much of the state south of Orlando lies at a lower elevation than northern Florida, and is fairly level. Much of the state is at or near sea level. However, some places such as Clearwater have promontories that rise 50 to 100 ft (15 to 30 m) above the water. Much of Central and North Florida, typically 25 mi (40 km) or more away from the coastline, have rolling hills with elevations ranging from 100 to 250 ft (30 to 76 m). The highest point in peninsular Florida (east and south of the Suwannee River), Sugarloaf Mountain, is a 312-foot (95 m) peak in Lake County. On average, Florida is the flattest state in the United States.

The climate of Florida is tempered somewhat by the fact that no part of the state is distant from the ocean. North of Lake Okeechobee, the prevalent climate is humid subtropical (Köppen: Cfa), while areas south of the lake (including the Florida Keys) have a true tropical climate (Köppen: Aw, Am, and Af). Mean high temperatures for late July are primarily in the low 90s Fahrenheit (32–34 °C). Mean low temperatures for early to mid January range from the low 40s Fahrenheit (4–7 °C) in north Florida to above 60 °F (16 °C) from Miami on southward. With an average daily temperature of 70.7 °F (21.5 °C), it is the warmest state in the U.S.

In the summer, high temperatures in the state rarely exceed 100 °F (37.8 °C). Several record cold maxima have been in the 30s °F (−1 to 4 °C) and record lows have been in the 10s (−12 to −7 °C). These temperatures normally extend at most a few days at a time in the northern and central parts of Florida. South Florida, however, rarely encounters below freezing temperatures. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Florida was 109 °F (43 °C), which was set on June 29, 1931, in Monticello. The coldest temperature was −2 °F (−19 °C), on February 13, 1899, just 25 miles (40 km) away, in Tallahassee.

Due to its subtropical and tropical climate, Florida rarely receives measurable snowfall. However, on rare occasions, a combination of cold moisture and freezing temperatures can result in snowfall in the farthest northern regions like Jacksonville, Gainesville or Pensacola. Frost, which is more common than snow, sometimes occurs in the panhandle. The USDA Plant hardiness zones for the state range from zone 8a (no colder than 10 °F or −12 °C) in the inland western panhandle to zone 11b (no colder than 45 °F or 7 °C) in the lower Florida Keys. Fog also occurs all over the state or climate of Florida.

Florida's nickname is the "Sunshine State", but severe weather is a common occurrence in the state. Central Florida is known as the lightning capital of the United States, as it experiences more lightning strikes than anywhere else in the country. Florida has one of the highest average precipitation levels of any state, in large part because afternoon thunderstorms are common in much of the state from late spring until early autumn. A narrow eastern part of the state including Orlando and Jacksonville receives between 2,400 and 2,800 hours of sunshine annually. The rest of the state, including Miami, receives between 2,800 and 3,200 hours annually.

Florida leads the United States in tornadoes per area (when including waterspouts), but they do not typically reach the intensity of those in the Midwest and Great Plains. Hail often accompanies the most severe thunderstorms.

Hurricanes pose a severe threat each year from June 1 to November 30, particularly from August to October. Florida is the most hurricane-prone state, with subtropical or tropical water on a lengthy coastline. Of the category 4 or higher storms that have struck the United States, 83% have either hit Florida or Texas.

From 1851 to 2006, Florida was struck by 114 hurricanes, 37 of them major—category 3 and above. It is rare for a hurricane season to pass without any impact in the state by at least a tropical storm.

In 1992, Florida was the site of what was then the costliest weather disaster in U.S. history, Hurricane Andrew, which caused more than $25 billion in damages when it struck during August; it held that distinction until 2005, when Hurricane Katrina surpassed it, and it has since been surpassed by six other hurricanes. Andrew is currently the second-costliest hurricane in Florida's history.

Florida is host to many types of wildlife including:

Florida also has more than 500 nonnative animal species and 1,000 nonnative insects found throughout the state. Some exotic species living in Florida include the Burmese python, green iguana, veiled chameleon, Argentine black and white tegu, peacock bass, mayan cichlid, lionfish, White-nosed coati, rhesus macaque, vervet monkey, Cuban tree frog, cane toad, Indian peafowl, monk parakeet, tui parakeet, and many more. Some of these nonnative species do not pose a threat to any native species, but some do threaten the native species of Florida by living in the state and eating them.

The state has more than 26,000 square miles (67,000 km) of forests, covering about half of the state's land area.

There are about 3,000 different types of wildflowers in Florida. This is the third-most diverse state in the union, behind California and Texas, both larger states. In Florida, wild populations of coconut palms extend up the East Coast from Key West to Jupiter Inlet, and up the West Coast from Marco Island to Sarasota. Many of the smallest coral islands in the Florida Keys are known to have abundant coconut palms sprouting from coconuts deposited by ocean currents. Coconut palms are cultivated north of south Florida to roughly Cocoa Beach on the East Coast and the Tampa Bay Area on the West Coast.

On the east coast of the state, mangroves have normally dominated the coast from Cocoa Beach southward; salt marshes from St. Augustine northward. From St. Augustine south to Cocoa Beach, the coast fluctuates between the two, depending on the annual weather conditions. All three mangrove species flower in the spring and early summer. Propagules fall from late summer through early autumn.[citation needed] Florida mangrove plant communities covered an estimated 430,000 to 540,000 acres (1,700 to 2,200 km) in Florida in 1981. Ninety percent of the Florida mangroves are in southern Florida, in Collier, Lee, Miami-Dade and Monroe Counties.

The Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States. It is also the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world, after the Great Barrier Reef and the Belize Barrier Reef. The reef lies a little bit off of the coast of the Florida Keys. A lot of the reef lies within John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, which was the first underwater park in the United States. The park contains a lot of tropical vegetation, marine life, and seabirds. The Florida Reef extends into other parks and sanctuaries as well including Dry Tortugas National Park, Biscayne National Park, and the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Almost 1,400 species of marine plants and animals, including more than 40 species of stony corals and 500 species of fish, live on the Florida Reef. The Florida Reef, being a delicate ecosystem like other coral reefs, faces many threats including overfishing, plastics in the ocean, coral bleaching, rising sea levels, and changes in sea surface temperature.

Florida is a low per capita energy user. As of 2008, it is estimated that approximately 4% of energy in the state is generated through renewable resources. Florida's energy production is 6% of the nation's total energy output, while total production of pollutants is lower, with figures of 6% for nitrogen oxide, 5% for carbon dioxide, and 4% for sulfur dioxide. Wildfires in Florida occur at all times of the year.

All potable water resources have been controlled by the state government through five regional water authorities since 1972.

Red tide has been an issue on the southwest coast of Florida, as well as other areas. While there has been a great deal of conjecture over the cause of the toxic algae bloom, there is no evidence that it is being caused by pollution or that there has been an increase in the duration or frequency of red tides. Red tide is now killing off wildlife or Tropical fish and coral reefs putting all in danger.

The Florida panther is close to extinction. A record 23 were killed in 2009, mainly by automobile collisions, leaving about 100 individuals in the wild. The Center for Biological Diversity and others have therefore called for a special protected area for the panther to be established. Manatees are also dying at a rate higher than their reproduction. American flamingos are rare to see in Florida due to being hunted in the 1900s, where it was to a point considered completely extirpated. Now the flamingos are reproducing toward making a comeback to South Florida since it is adamantly considered native to the state and also are now being protected.

Much of Florida has an elevation of less than 12 feet (3.7 m), including many populated areas. Therefore, it is susceptible to rising sea levels associated with global warming. The Atlantic beaches that are vital to the state's economy are being washed out to sea due to rising sea levels caused by climate change. The Miami beach area, close to the continental shelf, is running out of accessible offshore sand reserves. Elevated temperatures can damage coral reefs, causing coral bleaching. The first recorded bleaching incident on the Florida Reef was in 1973. Incidents of bleaching have become more frequent in recent decades, in correlation with a rise in sea surface temperatures. White band disease has also adversely affected corals on the Florida Reef.

The Florida peninsula is a porous plateau of karst limestone sitting atop bedrock known as the Florida Platform.

The largest deposits of potash in the United States are found in Florida. The largest deposits of rock phosphate in the country are found in Florida. Most of this is in Bone Valley.

Extended systems of underwater caves, sinkholes and springs are found throughout the state and supply most of the water used by residents. The limestone is topped with sandy soils deposited as ancient beaches over millions of years as global sea levels rose and fell. During the last glacial period, lower sea levels and a drier climate revealed a much wider peninsula, largely savanna. While there are sinkholes in much of the state, modern sinkholes have tended to be in West-Central Florida. Everglades National Park covers 1,509,000 acres (6,110 km), throughout Dade, Monroe, and Collier counties in Florida. The Everglades, an enormously wide, slow-flowing river encompasses the southern tip of the peninsula. Sinkhole damage claims on property in the state exceeded a total of $2 billion from 2006 through 2010. Winter Park Sinkhole, in central Florida, appeared May 8, 1981. It was approximately 350 feet (107 m) wide and 75 feet (23 m) deep. It was notable as one of the largest recent sinkholes to form in the United States. It is now known as Lake Rose. The Econlockhatchee River (Econ River for short) is an 54.5-mile-long (87.7 km) north-flowing blackwater tributary of the St. Johns River, the longest river in the U.S. state of Florida. The Econ River flows through Osceola, Orange, and Seminole counties in Central Florida, just east of the Orlando Metropolitan Area (east of State Road 417). It is a designated Outstanding Florida Waters.

Earthquakes are rare because Florida is not located near any tectonic plate boundaries.

The largest metropolitan area in the state as well as the entire southeastern United States is the Miami metropolitan area, with about 6.06 million people. The Tampa Bay Area, with more than 3.02 million, is the second largest; the Orlando metropolitan area, with more than 2.44 million, is third; and the Jacksonville metropolitan area, with more than 1.47 million, is fourth.

Florida has 22 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Forty-three of Florida's 67 counties are in an MSA.

The legal name in Florida for a city, town or village is "municipality". In Florida there is no legal difference between towns, villages and cities.

Florida is a highly urbanized state, with 89 percent of its population living in urban areas in 2000, compared to 79 percent nationally.

In 2012, 75% of the population lived within 10 miles (16 km) of the coastline.

The U.S. Census Bureau estimated that the population of Florida was 21,477,737 on July 1, 2019, a 14.24% increase since the 2010 United States census. The population of Florida in the 2010 census was 18,801,310. Florida was the seventh fastest-growing state in the U.S. in the 12-month period ending July 1, 2012. In 2010, the center of population of Florida was located between Fort Meade and Frostproof. The center of population has moved less than 5 miles (8 km) to the east and approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) to the north between 1980 and 2010 and has been located in Polk County since the 1960 census. The population exceeded 19.7 million by December 2014, surpassing the population of the state of New York for the first time, making Florida the third most populous state. The Florida population was 21,477,737 residents or people according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 Population Estimates Program. By the 2020 census, its population increased to 21,538,187.

In 2010, undocumented immigrants constituted an estimated 5.7% of the population. This was the sixth highest percentage of any U.S. state. There were an estimated 675,000 illegal immigrants in the state in 2010. Florida has banned sanctuary cities.

According to HUD's 2022 Annual Homeless Assessment Report, there were an estimated 25,959 homeless people in Florida.

In 2010, 6.9% of the population (1,269,765) considered themselves to be of only American ancestry (regardless of race or ethnicity). Many of these were of English or Scotch-Irish descent; however, their families have lived in the state for so long they choose to identify as having "American" ancestry or do not know their ancestry. In the 1980 United States census, the largest ancestry group reported in Florida was English with 2,232,514 Floridians claiming they were of English or mostly English American ancestry. Some of their ancestry dated to the original thirteen colonies.

As of 2010, those of (non-Hispanic white) European ancestry accounted for 57.9% of Florida's population. Out of the 57.9%, the largest groups were 12.0% German (2,212,391), 10.7% Irish (1,979,058), 8.8% English (1,629,832), 6.6% Italian (1,215,242), 2.8% Polish (511,229), and 2.7% French (504,641). White Americans of all European backgrounds are present in all areas of the state. In 1970, non-Hispanic whites constituted nearly 80% of Florida's population. Those of English and Irish ancestry are present in large numbers in all the urban/suburban areas across the state. Some native white Floridians, especially those who have descended from long-time Florida families, may refer to themselves as "Florida crackers"; others see the term as a derogatory one. Like whites in most other states of the southern U.S., they descend mainly from English and Scots-Irish settlers, as well as some other British American settlers.

As of 2010, those of Hispanic or Latino ancestry accounted for 22.5% (4,223,806) of Florida's population. Out of the 22.5%, the largest groups were 6.5% (1,213,438) Cuban, and 4.5% (847,550) Puerto Rican. Florida's Hispanic population includes large communities of Cuban Americans in Miami and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Tampa, and Mexican/Central American migrant workers. The Hispanic community continues to grow more affluent and mobile. Florida has a large and diverse Hispanic population, with Cubans and Puerto Ricans being the largest groups in the state. Nearly 80% of Cuban Americans live in Florida, especially South Florida where there is a long-standing and affluent Cuban community. Florida has the second-largest Puerto Rican population after New York, as well as the fastest-growing in the nation. Puerto Ricans are more widespread throughout the state, though the heaviest concentrations are in the Orlando area of Central Florida. Florida has one of the largest and most diverse Hispanic/Latino populations in the country, especially in South Florida around Miami, and to a lesser degree Central Florida. Aside from the dominant Cuban and Puerto Rican populations, there are also large populations of Mexicans, Colombians, Venezuelans and Dominicans, among numerous other groups, as most Latino groups have sizable numbers in the state.

As of 2010, those of African ancestry accounted for 16.0% of Florida's population, which includes African Americans. Out of the 16.0%, 4.0% (741,879) were West Indian or Afro-Caribbean American. During the early 1900s, black people made up nearly half of the state's population. In response to segregation, disfranchisement and agricultural depression, many African Americans migrated from Florida to northern cities in the Great Migration, in waves from 1910 to 1940, and again starting in the later 1940s. They moved for jobs, better education for their children and the chance to vote and participate in society. By 1960, the proportion of African Americans in the state had declined to 18%. Conversely, large numbers of northern whites moved to the state. Today, large concentrations of black residents can be found in northern and central Florida. Aside from blacks descended from African slaves brought to the southern U.S., there are also large numbers of blacks of West Indian, recent African, and Afro-Latino immigrant origins, especially in the Miami/South Florida area. Florida has the largest West Indian population of any state, originating from many Caribbean countries, with Haitian Americans being the most numerous.

In 2016, Florida had the highest percentage of West Indians in the United States at 4.5%, with 2.3% (483,874) from Haitian ancestry, 1.5% (303,527) Jamaican, and 0.2% (31,966) Bahamian, with the other West Indian groups making up the rest.

As of 2010, those of Asian ancestry accounted for 2.4% of Florida's population.

As of 2011, Florida contains the highest percentage of people over 65 (17.3%) in the U.S. There were 186,102 military retirees living in the state in 2008. About two-thirds of the population was born in another state, the second-highest in the U.S.

In 2020, Hispanic and Latinos of any race(s) made up 26.5% of the population, while Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders made up 0.1% of all Broward County residents.

In 1988, English was affirmed as the state's official language in the Florida Constitution. Spanish is also widely spoken, especially as immigration has continued from Latin America. About twenty percent of the population speak Spanish as their first language. Twenty-seven percent of Florida's population reports speaking a mother language other than English, and more than 200 first languages other than English are spoken at home in the state.

The most common languages spoken in Florida as a first language in 2010 are:

Florida is mostly Christian (70%), although there is a large irreligious and relatively significant Jewish community. Protestants account for almost half of the population, but the Catholic Church is the largest single denomination in the state mainly due to its large Hispanic population and other groups like Haitians. Protestants are very diverse, although Baptists, Methodists, Pentecostals and nondenominational Protestants are the largest groups. Smaller Christian groups include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and Jehovah's Witnesses. There is also a sizable Jewish community in South Florida. This is the largest Jewish population in the southern U.S. and the third-largest in the U.S. behind those of New York and California.

In 2010, the three largest denominations in Florida were the Catholic Church, the Southern Baptist Convention, and the United Methodist Church.

The Pew Research Center survey in 2014 gave the following religious makeup of Florida:

The basic structure, duties, function, and operations of the government of the State of Florida are defined by the Florida Constitution, which establishes the basic law of the state and guarantees various rights and freedoms of the people. As with the American federal government and all other state governments, Florida's government consists of three separate branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The legislature enacts bills, which, if signed by the governor, become law.

The Florida Legislature comprises the Florida Senate, which has 40 members, and the Florida House of Representatives, which has 120 members. The current governor of Florida is Ron DeSantis. The Florida Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and six justices.

Florida has 67 counties. Some reference materials may show only 66 because Duval County is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. There are 379 cities in Florida (out of 411) that report regularly to the Florida Department of Revenue, but there are other incorporated municipalities that do not. The primary revenue source for cities and counties is property tax; properties with unpaid taxes are subject to tax sales, which are held at the county level in May and are highly popular, due to the extensive use of online bidding sites.

The state government's primary revenue source is sales tax. Florida is one of eight states that do not impose a personal income tax.

There were 800 federal corruption convictions from 1988 to 2007, more than any other state.

In a 2020 study, Florida was ranked as the 11th hardest state for citizens to vote in. In April 2022, the legistlature passed and the governor signed a new election law prohibiting Floridians from using ranked-choice voting in all federal, state and municipal elections.

Florida retains the death penalty. Authorized methods of execution include the electric chair and lethal injection.

From 1952 to 1964, most voters were registered Democrats, but the state voted for the Republican presidential candidate in every election except for 1964. The following year, Congress passed and President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, providing for oversight of state practices and enforcement of constitutional voting rights for African Americans and other minorities in order to prevent the discrimination and disenfranchisement which had excluded most of them for decades from the political process.

From the 1930s through much of the 1960s, Florida was essentially a one-party state dominated by white conservative Democrats, who together with other Democrats of the Solid South, exercised considerable control in Congress. They have gained slightly less federal money from national programs than they have paid in taxes. Since the 1970s, conservative white voters in the state have largely shifted from the Democratic to the Republican Party. Though the majority of registered voters in Florida are Democrats, it continued to support Republican presidential candidates through 2004, except in 1976 and 1996, when the Democratic nominee was from the South.

In the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections, Barack Obama carried the state as a northern Democrat, attracting high voter turnout, especially among the young, independents, and minority voters, of whom Hispanics comprise an increasingly large proportion. 2008 marked the first time since 1944, when Franklin D. Roosevelt carried the state for the fourth time, that Florida was carried by a Northern Democrat for president.

The first post-Reconstruction era Republican elected to Congress from Florida was William C. Cramer in 1954 from Pinellas County on the Gulf Coast, where demographic changes were underway. In this period, African Americans were still disenfranchised by the state's constitution and discriminatory practices; in the 19th century, they had made up most of the Republican Party. Cramer built a different Republican Party in Florida, attracting local white conservatives and transplants from northern and midwestern states. In 1966, Claude R. Kirk, Jr. was elected as the first post-Reconstruction Republican governor, in an upset election. In 1968, Edward J. Gurney, also a white conservative, was elected as the state's first post-reconstruction Republican US senator. In 1970, Democrats took the governorship and the open US Senate seat and maintained dominance for years.

Florida is sometimes considered a bellwether state in presidential elections because every candidate who won the state from 1996 until 2016 won the election. The 2020 election broke that streak when Donald Trump won Florida but lost the election.

In 1998, Democratic voters dominated areas of the state with a high percentage of racial minorities and transplanted white liberals from the northeastern United States, known colloquially as "snowbirds". South Florida and the Miami metropolitan area are dominated by both racial minorities and white liberals. Because of this, the area has consistently voted as one of the most Democratic areas of the state. The Daytona Beach area is similar demographically and the city of Orlando has a large Hispanic population, which has often favored Democrats. Republicans, made up mostly of white conservatives, have dominated throughout much of the rest of Florida, particularly in the more rural and suburban areas. This is characteristic of its voter base throughout the Deep South.

The fast-growing I-4 corridor area, which runs through Central Florida and connects the cities of Daytona Beach, Orlando, and Tampa/St. Petersburg, has had a fairly even breakdown of Republican and Democratic voters. The area is often seen as a merging point of the conservative northern portion of the state and the liberal southern portion, making it the biggest swing area in the state. Since the late 20th century, the voting results in this area, containing 40% of Florida voters, has often determined who will win the state in federal presidential elections.

The Democratic Party maintained an edge in voter registration, both statewide and in 18 of the 67 counties, including Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties, the state's three most populous.[when?]

In 2000, George W. Bush won the U.S. presidential election by a margin of 271–266 in the Electoral College. Of the 271 electoral votes for Bush, 25 were cast by electors from Florida. The Florida results were contested and a recount was ordered by the court, with the results settled in a Supreme Court decision, Bush v. Gore.

Reapportionment following the 2010 United States census gave the state two more seats in the House of Representatives. The legislature's redistricting, announced in 2012, was quickly challenged in court, on the grounds that it had unfairly benefited Republican interests. In 2015, the Florida Supreme Court ruled on appeal that the congressional districts had to be redrawn because of the legislature's violation of the Fair District Amendments to the state constitution passed in 2010; it accepted a new map in early December 2015.

The political make-up of congressional and legislative districts has enabled Republicans to control the governorship and most statewide elective offices, and 17 of the state's 27 seats in the 2012 House of Representatives. Florida has been listed as a swing state in presidential elections since 1952, voting for the losing candidate only twice in that period of time.

In the closely contested 2000 election, the state played a pivotal role. Out of more than 5.8 million votes for the two main contenders Bush and Al Gore, around 500 votes separated the two candidates for the all-decisive Florida electoral votes that landed Bush the election win. Florida's felony disenfranchisement law is more severe than most European nations or other American states. A 2002 study in the American Sociological Review concluded that "if the state's 827,000 disenfranchised felons had voted at the same rate as other Floridians, Democratic candidate Al Gore would have won Florida—and the presidency—by more than 80,000 votes."

In 2008, delegates of both the Republican Florida primary election and Democratic Florida primary election were stripped of half of their votes when the conventions met in August due to violation of both parties' national rules.

In the 2010 elections, Republicans solidified their dominance statewide, by winning the governor's mansion, and maintaining firm majorities in both houses of the state legislature. They won four previously Democratic-held seats to create a 19–6 Republican majority delegation representing Florida in the federal House of Representatives.

In 2010, more than 63% of state voters approved the initiated Amendments 5 and 6 to the state constitution, to ensure more fairness in districting. These have become known as the Fair District Amendments. As a result of the 2010 United States Census, Florida gained two House of Representative seats in 2012. The legislature issued revised congressional districts in 2012, which were immediately challenged in court by supporters of the above amendments.

The court ruled in 2014, after lengthy testimony, that at least two districts had to be redrawn because of gerrymandering. After this was appealed, in July 2015 the Florida Supreme Court ruled that lawmakers had followed an illegal and unconstitutional process overly influenced by party operatives, and ruled that at least eight districts had to be redrawn. On December 2, 2015, a 5–2 majority of the Court accepted a new map of congressional districts, some of which was drawn by challengers. Their ruling affirmed the map previously approved by Leon County Judge Terry Lewis, who had overseen the original trial. It particularly makes changes in South Florida. There are likely to be additional challenges to the map and districts.

According to The Sentencing Project, the effect of Florida's felony disenfranchisement law is such that in 2014, "ore than one in ten Floridians—and nearly one in four African-American Floridians—are shut out of the polls because of felony convictions", although they had completed sentences and parole/probation requirements.

The state switched back to the GOP in the 2016 presidential election, and again in 2020, when Donald Trump headed the party's ticket both times. 2020 marked the first time Florida sided with the eventual loser of the national election since 1992.

In the 2018 elections, the ratio of Republican to Democratic representation fell from 16:11 to 14:13. The U.S. Senate election between Democratic incumbent senator Bill Nelson and then governor Rick Scott was close, with 49.93% voting for the incumbent and 50.06% voting for the former governor. Republicans also held onto the governorship in a close race between Republican candidate Ron DeSantis and Democratic candidate Andrew Gillum, with 49.6% voting for DeSantis and 49.3% voting for Gillum. In 2022, incumbent Governor DeSantis won reelection by a landslide against Democrat Charlie Crist. The unexpectedly large margin of victory led many pundits to question Florida's perennial status as a swing state, and instead identify it as a red state.

In November 2021, for the first time in Florida's history, the total number of registered Republican voters exceeded the number of registered Democrats.

In 1972, the state made personal injury protection auto insurance mandatory for drivers, becoming the second in the nation to enact a no-fault insurance law. The ease of receiving payments under this law is seen as precipitating a major increase in insurance fraud. Auto insurance fraud was the highest in the nation in 2011, estimated at close to $1 billion. Fraud is particularly centered in the Miami-Dade and Tampa areas.

Capital punishment is applied in Florida. If a person committing a predicate felony directly contributed to the death of the victim then the person will be charged with murder in the first degree. The only two sentences available for that statute are life imprisonment and the death penalty. If a person commits a predicate felony, but was not the direct contributor to the death of the victim then the person will be charged with murder in the second degree. The maximum prison term is life. In 1995, the legislature modified Chapter 921 to provide that felons should serve at least 85% of their sentence.

Florida approved its lottery by amending the constitution in 1984. It approved slot machines in Broward and Miami-Dade County in 2004. It has disapproved casinos (outside of sovereign Seminole and Miccosukee tribal areas) three times: 1978, 1986, and 1994.

Tax is collected by the Florida Department of Revenue.

The economy of the state of Florida is the fourth-largest in the United States, with a $1.2 trillion gross state product (GSP) as of 2021. If Florida were a sovereign nation (2021), it would rank as the world's 16th-largest economy according to the International Monetary Fund, ahead of Indonesia and behind Mexico. In the 20th century, tourism, industry, construction, international banking, biomedical and life sciences, healthcare research, simulation training, aerospace and defense, and commercial space travel have contributed to the state's economic development.

There were 2.7 million Medicaid patients in Florida in 2009. The governor has proposed adding $2.6 billion to care for the expected 300,000 additional patients in 2011. The cost of caring for 2.3 million clients in 2010 was $18.8 billion. This is nearly 30% of Florida's budget. Medicaid paid for 60% of all births in Florida in 2009. The state has a program for those not covered by Medicaid.

In 2013, Florida refused to participate in providing coverage for the uninsured under the Affordable Care Act, colloquially called Obamacare. The Florida legislature also refused to accept additional Federal funding for Medicaid, although this would have helped its constituents at no cost to the state. As a result, Florida is second only to Texas in the percentage of its citizens without health insurance.

Florida has the largest collection of Art Deco and Streamline Moderne buildings, both in the United States and in the entire world, most of which are located in the Miami metropolitan area, especially Miami Beach's Art Deco District, constructed as the city was becoming a resort destination. A unique architectural design found only in Florida is the post-World War II Miami Modern, which can be seen in areas such as Miami's MiMo Historic District.

Being of early importance as a regional center of banking and finance, the architecture of Jacksonville displays a wide variety of styles and design principles. Many of the state's earliest skyscrapers were constructed in Jacksonville, dating as far back as 1902, and last holding a state height record from 1974 to 1981. The city is endowed with one of the largest collections of Prairie School buildings outside of the Midwest. Jacksonville is also noteworthy for its collection of Mid-Century modern architecture.

Some sections of the state feature architectural styles including Spanish revival, Florida vernacular, and Mediterranean Revival. A notable collection of these styles can be found in St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement within the borders of the United States.

In 2020, Florida was ranked the third best state in America for K-12 education, outperforming the nation in 15 out of 18 metrics in Education Week's 2020 Quality Counts report. In terms of K-12 Achievement, which measures progress in areas such as academic excellence and graduation rates, the state was graded "B-" compared to a national average of C. Florida's higher education was ranked first and pre-K-12 was ranked 27th best nationwide by U.S. News & World Report.

With an educational system made up of public school districts and independent private institutions, Florida had 2,833,115 students enrolled in 4,269 public primary, secondary, and vocational schools in Florida's 67 regular or seven special school districts as of 2018. Miami-Dade County is the largest of Florida's 67 regular districts with more than 350 thousand students and Jefferson County is the smallest with less than one thousand students. Florida spent $8,920 for each student in 2016, and was 43rd in the nation in expenditures per student.

Florida's primary and secondary school systems are administered by the Florida Department of Education. School districts are organized within county boundaries. Each school district has an elected Board of Education that sets policy, budget, goals, and approves expenditures. Management is the responsibility of a Superintendent of schools.

The Florida Department of Education is required by law to train educators in teaching English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).

while Florida's public schools suffers from more than 5,000 unoccupied teacher position, certain politics on this state make the situation worse, according to a teacher and president of United Teachers of Dade, Karla Hernández. in January 2023 she points out blocking a AP African American studies course, book bans and removing some lessons by Ron DeSantis' administration as the examples of "scary actions".

The State University System of Florida was founded in 1905, and is governed by the Florida Board of Governors. During the 2019 academic year, 346,604 students attended one of these twelve universities. In 2016, Florida charged the second lowest tuition in the nation for four-year programs, at $26,000 for in-state students and $86,000 for out-of-state students; this compares with an average of $34,800 nationally for in-state students.

As of 2020, three Florida universities are among the top 10 largest universities by enrollment in the United States: The University of Central Florida in Orlando (2nd), the University of Florida in Gainesville (4th), and Florida International University in Miami (8th).

The Florida College System comprises 28 public community and state colleges with 68 campuses spread out throughout the state. In 2016, enrollment exceeded 813,000 students.

The Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida is an association of 30 private, educational institutions in the state. This Association reported that their member institutions served more than 158,000 students in the fall of 2020.

The University of Miami in Coral Gables is one of the nation's top private research universities. Florida's first private university, Stetson University in DeLand, was founded in 1883.

Florida's highway system contains 1,495 mi (2,406 km) of interstate highway, and 10,601 mi (17,061 km) of non-interstate highway, such as state highways and U.S. Highways. Florida's interstates, state highways, and U.S. Highways are maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation.

In 2011, there were about 9,000 retail gas stations in the state. Floridians consumed 21 million gallons of gasoline daily in 2011, ranking it third in national use behind California and Texas. Motorists have the 45th lowest rate of car insurance in the U.S. 24% are uninsured.

Drivers between 15 and 19 years of age averaged 364 car crashes a year per ten thousand licensed Florida drivers in 2010. Drivers 70 and older averaged 95 per 10,000 during the same time frame. A spokesperson for the non-profit Insurance Institute stated "Older drivers are more of a threat to themselves."

Intercity bus travel, which utilizes Florida's highway system, is provided by Greyhound, Megabus, and Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach.

Before the construction of routes under the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, Florida began construction of a long cross-state toll road, Florida's Turnpike. The first section, from Fort Pierce south to the Golden Glades Interchange was completed in 1957. After a second section north through Orlando to Wildwood (near present-day The Villages), and a southward extension around Miami to Homestead, it was finished in 1974.

Florida's primary interstate routes include:

Florida has 131 public airports. Florida's seven large hub and medium hub airports, as classified by the FAA, are the following:

Florida has three NFL teams, two MLB teams, two NBA teams, two NHL teams, and two MLS teams. Florida gained its first permanent major-league professional sports team in 1966 when the American Football League added the Miami Dolphins. Florida has given professional sports franchises some subsidies in the form of tax breaks since 1991.

About half of all Major League Baseball teams conduct spring training in the state, with teams informally organized into the "Grapefruit League". Throughout MLB history, other teams have held spring training in Florida.

NASCAR (headquartered in Daytona Beach) begins all three of its major auto racing series in Florida at Daytona International Speedway in February, featuring the Daytona 500. Daytona also has the Coke Zero Sugar 400 NASCAR race weekend in August. NASCAR also has a race weekend at Homestead-Miami Speedway in Homestead in October. The 24 Hours of Daytona is one of the world's most prestigious endurance auto races. The Grand Prix of St. Petersburg and Grand Prix of Miami have held IndyCar races as well.

Florida is a major golf hub. The PGA of America is headquartered in Palm Beach Gardens, the PGA Tour is headquartered in Ponte Vedra Beach, and the LPGA is headquartered in Daytona Beach. The Players Championship, WGC-Cadillac Championship, Arnold Palmer Invitational, Honda Classic and Valspar Championship are PGA Tour rounds.

Florida has teams in all five American major league sports. Florida's most recent major-league team, Inter Miami, began play in MLS in 2020.

The Miami Masters is an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 and WTA Premier tennis event, whereas the Delray Beach International Tennis Championships is an ATP World Tour 250 event.

There are minor league baseball, football, basketball, ice hockey, soccer and indoor football teams based in Florida. Ben Hill Griffin Stadium is the largest football stadium in Florida, the 12th largest stadium in American college football, and the 18th largest stadium in the world, as measured by its official seating capacity of 88,548—though, it has often held over 90,000 for Florida's home football games.

Florida's universities have a number of collegiate sport programs. Major college football programs include the Florida State Seminoles and Miami Hurricanes of the Atlantic Coast Conference, and the Florida Gators of the Southeastern Conference. Since 1996, Florida has added four additional teams to the ranks of Division I FBS: UCF Knights, South Florida Bulls, Florida Atlantic Owls and FIU Panthers.

The majority of the symbols were chosen after 1950; only the two oldest symbols—the state flower (chosen in 1909), and the state bird (chosen in 1927), and the state nickname (chosen in 1970)—are not listed in the 2010 Florida Statutes.

Coordinates: 28°N 82°W / 28°N 82°W / 28; -82 (State of Florida)

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 Fire Pits in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Tips For Using Fire Pits Safely

Fire pits are a great addition to any yard. They add an attractive element to your backyard and also help potential buyers envision an outdoor environment. With a variety of designs, sizes, and materials, you can find the perfect fire pit for your home. But before you buy one, consider these tips to ensure safety when using a fire pit.

When selecting a fire pit, choose the one that best suits your backyard. Consider the type of fuel you will be using and the size of the pit. If you have pets or children, make sure that they are not in the area when you are lighting the fire. Also, be aware of how the wind could affect the fire. You should place the fire at least 10 feet away from buildings and flammable materials.

While you may enjoy sitting by a fire at night, you should always use caution when using a fire. Stray embers can quickly become a devastating fire, and if the pit is too close to a tree, the tree may catch on fire. To prevent this, be sure to spread the ashes evenly and have a plan in place for snuffing out the fire.

Another thing to keep in mind is the size of the fire. It's best to have a fire pit that's at least five feet tall and six feet wide. This will give you enough room to put out the fire if necessary. However, if you live in a very small backyard, you may want to opt for a portable fire pit. Portable fire pits can be moved around the yard to suit your needs.

When you're building your fire pit, be sure to pick materials that are fire resistant. This will make sure that the pit won't crumble and break down. These materials can include concrete, bricks, or stone. There are also heat shields that you can place between the fire pit and the grass, or even a patio slab.

Regardless of the materials used, be sure that the pit is placed on level ground. Never place the pit under utility lines or in a hazard-prone area. A wood-burning pit should be located at least ten feet from structures and at least fifteen feet away from flammable objects.

In order to protect the walls and floor of your fire pit, you may want to use steel fire rings. Steel will prevent the wall material from breaking down, and it will maintain the look of the fire pit. Stainless-steel sear plates are another good choice for a fire pit. The outer edge of the plate will get hot enough to cook on, and it will develop a beautiful patina over time.

Using a wood-burning pit can be a fun way to celebrate outside. However, you should never light it if the weather is bad or you have asthma. Additionally, be sure to remove ash from the pit regularly, as it can be a hazard for asthmatic people.

 Hardscaping in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Tips For Successful Hardscaping

Hardscaping can be a great way to enhance the overall look and function of your outdoor space. It also makes your yard more accessible and increases its value. When done correctly, hardscaping can help to create a welcoming area where you can sit and relax. However, it can be an arduous and time-consuming process. You will need to carefully consider the design, materials, and construction of the project to ensure it is successful.

While there are plenty of hardscaping materials available, you should only use those that are made for your particular needs. For example, if you have a dog, you may want to choose a material that is waterproof. Likewise, if you have children, it may be wise to select a material that is easy to clean.

Using the correct hardscaping materials will help to prevent standing water and algae growth. They will also add stability to your landscape. In addition, many of these materials have natural properties that make them appealing to the eye.

If you are planning a large hardscaping project, you will probably need a team of skilled professionals to complete the job. This can increase the cost of the project. However, having a professional to help you with your project can help prevent embarrassing mistakes.

The best time to start a hardscaping project is during a favorable weather season. Some projects require heavy-duty tools such as pressure washers. Power washers can damage wood or composite decking. Also, wire brushes can leave scratches on hardscaping.

Another benefit to using pavers is that they are designed to fit together. Using the right type of material will allow you to create any shape or size of walkway or patio you can imagine. Whether you want a traditional pathway or a more modern style, pavers can do the trick.

Creating a solid hardscape requires a skilled crew, but you can always opt for a pre-made fountain. Often, these are sold in stores or online. There are thousands of different fountain designs to choose from.

To improve the durability of your hardscaping, you should consider removing any mold or mildew spores from the surface. These fungi can be unattractive and can lead to staining on the material. Furthermore, you should avoid water runoff to avoid flooding. Similarly, you should make sure to fill any cracks and crevices between the pavers to prevent moisture from seeping into your soil.

Adding features like fire pits, a grill, or a shaded gathering spot are great ways to create an inviting outdoor space. These features can increase your property's functionality and aesthetics while adding a touch of charm.

While there is no way to guarantee that your hardscaping project will be successful, taking the necessary steps to reduce its impact on the environment will give you a leg up. Even small changes can have a big impact.

Having the right hardscaping materials will add to the appeal and value of your property. However, the real value of a hardscaping project lies in the benefits it provides your home and its environment.

 Outdoor Living Space in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

How to Make the Most of Your Outdoor Living Space

An outdoor living space is a wonderful thing, whether you're planning a get together or simply enjoying some time in the fresh air. It's not only an entertaining and relaxing option, but a great way to boost your health. Studies have shown that spending some time outdoors can help lower blood pressure, muscle tension and heart rate, so it's a good idea to make it a regular part of your lifestyle.

Whether you want to create an entertainment spot, a relaxing area, or even an edible garden, an outdoor living space can be an enjoyable and practical addition to your home. You can choose from a wide range of styles and designs, all aimed at meeting your functional and aesthetic needs.

The best way to use an outdoor living space is to design it around perimeter seating. This will ensure that your guests have plenty of room to move. If you're using the space to entertain, you may also want to include a kitchen, which will allow you to serve your party favorites outside. A fireplace can also be a nice touch.

Another great way to make the most of your outdoor space is to have a well-thought out landscaping plan. Plants, shrubs, and trees can add a splash of color, and make it easier to keep your space looking fresh. Adding a small fire pit can bring warmth and ambiance to any outdoor gathering. Likewise, a water feature can provide a little bit of magic. Whether you have a waterfall or a pool, a water feature is a nice way to spruce up your outdoor living space.

Outdoor living spaces are a big home improvement trend. They're an ideal way to expand your lifestyle outdoors and enhance your home's resale value. In fact, adding a deck or patio can boost your home's value by 109%, according to a HomeLight survey.

A smart way to use your outdoor living space is to have a small bar. Not only can you serve your party members a nice beverage, but you can keep them hydrated as well. Having an outdoor bar can be a fun and stylish way to spend your free time.

One of the simplest ways to add a touch of whimsy to your outdoor living space is to hang an outdoor light. Besides being a clever and stylish way to add illumination to your outdoor oasis, this design idea will be a good investment for your buck.

If you have an extensive backyard, consider building a deck or patio. These are easy to build, relatively inexpensive, and require minimal maintenance. Once you have one up, you can enjoy your new outdoor living space year round.

When designing your outdoor living space, it's important to consider the weather and traffic patterns in your neighborhood. Adding outdoor lighting will brighten up your outdoor living area at night. Also, a ceiling fan will do the trick during the summer heat. Lastly, a patterned area rug is a great way to add a hint of style without spending a fortune.

 Paver Driveways in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Paver Driveways

A paver driveway is a great way to increase your curb appeal and home value. These driveways can be made from many different materials, and there are a variety of designs and patterns to choose from. The good news is that they are relatively easy to install and are also long-lasting. So, if you are considering a new driveway, take the time to look around at your options.

If you are looking for a driveway that is easy to clean, look into resin bound surfaces. This material is a durable and low-maintenance solution, and it has a sleek, modern look. Whether you opt for a colour, design, or pattern, this surfacing material will improve the look of your home without breaking the bank.

Regardless of whether you opt for a resin bound surface or a paver one, your new driveway should be installed with proper drainage. This will prevent water from collecting in your property. For this reason, it is important to have a base that is excavated to at least 15 inches. When it comes to choosing a paver, you have a wide array of choices, from natural stones to brick to concrete. Depending on your budget and preferences, you can choose to have your new driveway installed by a contractor, or you can do it yourself.

Choosing a contractor will help ensure that your new driveway is installed properly. Before you hire a contractor, ask to see pictures of the previous projects he has done. Also, make sure to get a quote. Several driveway contractors offer specials and discounts throughout the year. In addition, many offer lifetime warranties, so you can rest assured that your new driveway will last.

Paver driveways are more cost effective than traditional concrete driveways. However, the installation process requires more time and skill. There are also several design and construction considerations to keep in mind when choosing a new driveway. Among these, you will want to consider the type of paver you choose, and the best pattern to fit your needs.

It is also a good idea to check local codes. You will also need to make sure that the foundation is sturdy enough to support the load of your new driveway. Concrete can expand and contract with temperatures, and the grading of the sub-soil is an essential step in ensuring the longevity of your new driveway.

Finally, you may want to consider adding a catch drain to your new driveway. This can help redirect the flow of water from your new driveway, and it can prevent dirt and debris from building up. Using the right drainage system is especially critical if you live in a cold climate.

Installing a paver driveway can be a fun and exciting project, and will boost the appeal of your home. Whether you choose to install the pavers yourself or hire a contractor, your new driveway will make a big impact. Make sure you consider all the factors, and you'll have a beautiful, maintenance-free driveway for years to come.

 Paver Installer in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

How to Find a Good Paver Installer

A paver installer is a specialist who has the skills and knowledge required to install hardscaping. This professional will design a hardscape that matches your home's style and color scheme. Professionals also know how to select materials that will last. In addition, they know how to properly grade the area so that the installation will be level.

Before you hire a paver contractor, you should ask questions about the company's experience and expertise. You should also review the website and look for online reviews. Also, check to see if the contractor has an up-to-date insurance policy and guarantee. Then, get a few bids.

A good paver installer will offer quality workmanship and will create a hardscape that lasts for many years. They will also work with you to plan out your outdoor space. If you are installing a patio, grilling area, or retaining walls, a good contractor can help you choose the right pavers for your needs.

When you are looking for a paver installer, make sure they are certified. Certified installers have received training and have passed an exam to ensure they are knowledgeable in the industry. It's also a good idea to hire an installer who has a portfolio of work. By requesting references from a paver contractor, you will be able to verify that they have done good work before.

When you are searching for a paver installer, you should compare prices to find the best deal. Prices can vary based on the type of stone you want to use, the square footage of your project, and the location of the project. For example, the price of a 250-square-foot paver project can range from about $5.35 to $8. Similarly, the cost of a 400-square-foot paver project can range between about $6,000 to $10,500.

A paver contractor should be able to provide a quote in writing. You should inquire about the number of hours they will require for the project, as well as the payment options available. Some contractors may offer a free estimate, but it's usually a good idea to get a written contract before you begin work.

Once you have decided on a paver contractor, it's a good idea to check the Better Business Bureau's online database. The Better Business Bureau provides an online directory of businesses, including business profiles and ratings.

Whether you are interested in installing a new patio or a retaining wall, a paver installer can provide a professional design that you can be proud of. To ensure that you get the highest quality for your money, look for a paver installer who is ICPI-certified. That way, you can rest assured that you are dealing with professionals who are highly educated in the industry and who will provide the best service.

An ICPI-certified concrete paver installer will be an expert in all aspects of the job. This is because a paver installer has attended ICPI's Concrete Paver Installer Certification Course and has at least five projects under their belt. Additionally, a concrete paver installer must take eight hours of continuing education courses every two years to maintain their certification.

 Paver Patios in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Advantages and Disadvantages of Paver Patios

A paver patio adds to the beauty of your backyard. It also offers you a low-maintenance, durable outdoor space that can be a great place to entertain guests. However, it's important to research the advantages and disadvantages of paver patios before you decide to install one. You should also consult with a professional to make sure that the patio will fit your needs.

Installing paver patios is an easy process. The most common method is to use plastic paver edging. This consists of a thin, plastic mat that spreads the load and provides a protective layer. It also has built-in channels that drain water to a sand layer below.

There are a variety of designs to choose from. Some are asymmetrical, which is ideal for creating a natural look. Others include a basket weave pattern, which utilizes rectangular pavers laid in a block design. Other designs feature a contrasting border, which can add a modern flair.

When choosing a laying pattern, consider the grade of the soil. This is especially important for designs with multiple pieces. If the ground is soft and weak, the concrete slab may break easily. Conversely, a heavier and thicker base can help keep the pavers in place.

In addition to color, you should select a pattern that fits your home. There are many types of pavers available, including brick, shellock, travertine, and concrete. Each of these types can have its own distinct look. Choosing a paving design that matches your home is a good way to maximize your outdoor space and create a functional, attractive backyard.

Another benefit of paver patios is that they're not as susceptible to cracking as traditional patios. Paver patios often have a variety of joints, which are filled with sand when the patio is first installed. As the patio ages, this sand will erode and need to be replaced. Fortunately, you can prevent the erosion of these sand joints by using polymeric sand. This sand contains fine grains of silica that form a binding agent when mixed with water. These joints will last for two to five years, and will need a quick touch up from time to time.

Once the paver patio is in place, it is important to maintain the area. This includes sweeping or power washing to remove seeds from the pavers. Watering the area with a hose can also help cool the pavers down. Make sure you get rid of any weeds that have sprouted between the pavers, as they can grow into the joints and make your patio a hazard.

Protective sealers are also a good idea. Using a sealer will protect your patio from deterioration by the sun's UV rays and from environmental wear. Sealers come in a variety of finishes, including wet-look films, and may need to be reapplied occasionally. They're also an inexpensive option, and come in a variety of colors.

Choosing the right outdoor landscape is a key component to keeping your patio looking its best for many years. To ensure your new paver patio meets all local codes, check with your county's building department for permits and inspections.

 Paver Repair in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Paver Repair - How to Repair Your Pavers

If you own a home in Burlington, Camden, or Mercer County NJ, you might be in need of a paver repair. A few of the signs that you need to take action are cracked or broken pavers, a sagging walkway, or a drab looking patio. These are common problems that can be repaired and restored to their former glory.

It is not uncommon for good quality pavers to shift around due to heavy impact. This may be the result of a faulty sub-base, improper pitch, or a tree root that has pushed its way through the concrete. Fortunately, there are ways to deal with the problem, and some of them are not as expensive as you might think.

The most obvious step in the process is to sweep off any loose debris. This is a good time to also remove any moss that has built up. Use a stiff bristled brush to clean the pavers. There are other ways to remove debris, however, such as pressure washing.

In this case, the best thing to do is to hire a professional. A reputable company can help you identify the best paver material for your application and the most effective method for repairing the existing surface. You will be rewarded with a smoother, more aesthetically pleasing finish.

One of the easiest ways to do this is to use a rubber mallet to gently knock off the broken pieces. This will not only loosen them, but also give you the opportunity to check their condition. Make sure you are not trying to break a paver that is bonded to another.

Another way to improve your pavers is to add a sealer. Sealing a concrete paver helps to protect it from heavy traffic and water stains. Moreover, the process can help preserve the beauty and charm of your paved area. Having a sealer is also a great way to enhance the colors of your pavers.

Other than the first two steps, you will also need a hose and a rubber mallet. After re-attaching your pavers, you should check the alignment of the re-placed bricks to ensure they are level. While this may not seem like a big deal, it is one of the most important things to do to keep your pavers looking their best.

Aside from the broom, the most efficient paver repair may require a little elbow grease and a few minutes of your time. For example, if you have a stone or brick paver patio, you may need to dig down to remove a few inches of the sand and gravel.

Although you may want to do this yourself, the task is a lot easier if you can rely on the experts. Depending on the scale of your project, you may need to call in a contractor. When it comes to repairing your concrete pavers, you should choose a company that specializes in concrete paver repair. Using a company that specializes in this type of work will ensure that you get the most out of your investment.

 Paver Sealing in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Paver Sealing Tips

Sealing pavers is a great way to protect your outdoor space and to make it look more appealing. Besides protecting your pavers, sealing them will make them easier to clean and to maintain. Having a properly sealed patio can also help prevent the staining of your pavers and the chipping of edges. Whether you have concrete or brick pavers, sealing them can keep them looking new for many years to come.

Pavers are porous materials, which means that they absorb liquids and dirt. Without a protective layer, these porous materials will inevitably absorb stains and erode. The best sealer is one that will not cause any permanent damage to the pavers. A sealant will repel moisture, oil, and other substances, which can make the surface of a paver smooth and glossy. It is important to remember that you will need to apply a new sealer every two to three years. You should also take care of your sealer by following the manufacturer's directions.

There are many sealers to choose from. Some are sprayed on, while others need to be rolled over. When deciding on a sealer, it is important to consider the weather and traffic around the patio. This can affect the longevity of the sealant. For example, a solvent-based sealer will evaporate faster in lower temperatures.

Water-based sealers are generally better than solvent-based ones. They provide superior resistance to water and dirt, and they bond with the concrete surface. However, they do not produce a high shine. Those with an acrylic finish can be a more attractive option. Depending on the finish of your pavers, it is possible to get a glossy, matte, or natural look.

You can use a pressure washer to remove any weeds or dirt from the pavers before you seal them. Alternatively, you can use Simple Green or a degreaser to wash the pavers. Make sure to wear protective clothing and equipment when you do these steps, as it can be hazardous.

If you want to make your pavers appear darker, you can use a non-film forming sealer. However, you will need to wait a few days before you can walk on them. During that time, they will change color. To avoid the discoloration of the bricks, you should apply a film-forming sealer.

A film-forming sealer will not only make the surface of your pavers look smooth, but it will also provide protection against the sun. Normally, these sealers come with optional color enhancements. But even without the colors, you can still enjoy the beauty of your pavers.

Acrylic and polymer sealers are thicker and more glossy. However, they can be a bit difficult to apply. Rolling or spraying can be easier and more effective. Using a roller is ideal for solvent-based sealers.

In order to ensure that you seal your pavers effectively, you should apply them according to the manufacturer's instructions. Keep in mind that some of these instructions may require you to cut off the edges of your pavers.

 Paver Walkways in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

How to Create Paver Walkways

Creating a paver walkway is an easy and inexpensive way to enhance your home's overall aesthetic appeal. Paver walkways create a path for your visitors, providing a safe and easy way to navigate your property. They are an important component of any landscape, especially in sloping areas. Adding a paver walkway to your backyard may also boost the value of your home in the long run.

Whether you want to lay a brick or concrete pathway, there are a few things to keep in mind. First, it's important to make sure you have a good idea of how much room you have to work with. For example, if you have a small yard, you should avoid a walkway that is too tall. You can get away with a shorter walkway if your lawn is wide.

The best way to measure your available space is to sketch out a plan. This will allow you to determine what shape, size and material to use. Once you've decided on a design, you can start the construction process. Luckily, there are several options when it comes to the materials used for the project.

There are many different types of paver to choose from. Some of them are made of concrete while others are made of clay bricks. Concrete pavers can be a bit cheaper than brick, but they are more durable and can be installed with less effort. A good contractor will also be able to advise you on the best choice for your property.

In addition, you can find various materials and shapes to choose from. Choosing the right materials can make a huge difference in your walkway's effectiveness. Materials can include landscape fabric, sand, and gravel. To add an extra element of interest, you can try installing plants or patio lanterns.

Using the right tools, you can also install a paver walkway without breaking the bank. Compared to natural stone, concrete pavers are easier to set and require fewer maintenance efforts. Additionally, they can be shaped to fit in with existing paving installations. And once you've set them up, you can easily add more pavers and other paving elements to improve the look of your property.

To start off, you should have a few materials on hand. In particular, you'll need some wood and sand. For a more elaborate look, you could also use a combination of gravel and brick. If you're on a budget, you can always purchase precast concrete pavers.

Another option is to use dry-laid brick. These can be laid in various interesting patterns and are fairly easy to install. It's also important to remember to take your time.

For a more interesting route, consider installing a zig-zag walkway. This will add some fun to your backyard and can create a nice effect when viewed from the street.

However, a paver walkway is more than a path to your front door. These paths can also be useful when it comes to carrying heavy loads. Whether you're hauling lawn equipment, a trash can, or a bike, a paver walkway can provide you with a safer and easier way to transport them.

 Pergolas in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Pergolas - Choosing the Right One for Your Home

Pergolas are a great way to extend your home's livable space. They provide shade for your patio and garden while giving your guests the opportunity to enjoy your backyard at the same time. In addition, they can serve as a perfect spot for a hot cup of coffee or a romantic evening meal.

When it comes to pergolas, there are many options to choose from. These can range from simple to elaborate. You can get a pre-fabricated pergola kit or have one custom built by your local landscaper. The materials you choose will make a huge difference in how long your new addition lasts.

There are also several features to look out for. This includes the proper lighting for your pergola. It's also a good idea to consider your budget. A pergola may cost a fair amount of money, so you want to pick the best option that will work within your budget.

While the most expensive pergola might be the only way to go, there are a number of ways to save money. One of the cheapest options is to use the materials you already have. For instance, you can use stone or cement foundations to keep the uprights in place.

Depending on the size and shape of your pergola, it's possible to add several accessories to help it stand out. Besides a sturdy roof, you can include lights, a retractable shade cover, and even a pergola-ready outdoor kitchen. Adding a few plants to your pergola might prove to be a worthwhile investment, too.

Creating an aesthetically pleasing pergola will require a little know-how. For example, you'll need to know which type of material to choose and how to go about securing it. Choosing the best pergola material will also make a big difference in the lifespan of your new addition. Some materials, like vinyl, are easier to care for than others.

There are a few other tidbits to learn when it comes to choosing your pergola. The best one is probably the most obvious. Although it might sound counterintuitive, it's actually more difficult to build a pergola than it is to install one. An extra set of hands is a must. If you don't want to risk damage to your home, you might want to hire a professional to construct your pergola.

Another way to save money is to buy a prefabricated pergola kit. These kits are designed to provide you with all of the components you need to get the job done right the first time. Kits are available from a variety of well-known manufacturers in the U.S. and can be delivered to your door for professional assembly.

Whether you choose to build your own or hire a professional, you'll be rewarded with an attractive addition to your property. Adding a pergola will enhance the aesthetic value of your home and increase its market value. To ensure that you get the most out of your new structure, you might want to take a few minutes to compare different options before deciding.

 Pool Decks in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Choosing Materials for Pool Decks

If you want to enjoy the outdoors and your swimming pool, installing a deck can be a great way to extend the living space and add to your enjoyment of your backyard. Decks can be built with many materials and designs, including wood, stone, ceramic tile, poured concrete and more. However, you should do your homework before making a final decision.

Pool decks are most commonly constructed with poured concrete. This material is inexpensive, durable and water resistant. Poured concrete comes in a wide variety of colors, patterns and textures, and can be easily shaped to fit almost any area. You can build your deck to match the shape of the pool or you can make it a focal point for your backyard.

Decorative concrete is a great choice for pool decks, because the natural beauty of the concrete can be highlighted by a film-forming sealer. The sealer also acts as a protective film that prevents the pool's chemicals from contaminating the surface. These types of sealers provide a smooth, non-slip surface that allows for barefoot walks around the pool.

Other materials you may consider for pool decks include limestone, coral stone and sandstone. Limestone can be cut into a variety of shapes and comes in a range of colors, while sandstone is typically red or brown. Sandstone is known for its durability, and is perfect for dramatic pools that require a natural look.

Some people choose to use stamped concrete, which creates a decorative pattern on the surface of the pool deck. A concrete deck can be stamped to imitate the appearance of a brick or mortared stone. It can be available in hundreds of colors.

Concrete pool decks can also be brushed or stamped with a textured finish to add traction. Adding a slip-resistant additive to the finish will also help improve traction. Also, a rock salt or stenciled overlay can be used to mimic a naturally weathered rock feature.

Stone, such as granite and travertine, is another common pool decking material. Known for its durability and a tendency to remain cool to the touch, sandstone can also be found in a range of colors.

When choosing a material for your deck, you should consider the climate where you live. Wood is a relatively low-maintenance material, but it can become extremely hot if exposed to sunlight. Ceramic tile can be installed over the top of a pool, but you need to test the material before committing to your design.

Above ground pool decks can be built on grade or walkout. You can also install a deck that is three-section fan-shaped, which follows the contour of the top rails of your pool. Both options allow you to add a seating area and a fire pit to your deck. In addition to enhancing your pool's aesthetic appeal, a deck will give you a place to relax and entertain. Using stone, ceramic tile, or poured concrete for your deck will ensure that you enjoy the pool in comfort and safety.

 Retaining Walls in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

How to Build Retaining Walls

Retaining walls have become an increasingly popular way to keep soil from eroding and providing usable space on slopes. These structures can range in height from a few inches to several feet. Typically, they are put in place during a major landscaping redesign. They can also be used as an aesthetic feature to highlight garden features. Alternatively, they can serve as outside containment for above-ground planter beds or water features.

Depending on your needs, you may want to choose between a poured concrete or a natural stone retaining wall. Both provide a balanced combination of strength and durability. You'll also have to consider the drainage requirements of the particular site.

The first step in building a retaining wall is to determine the length and width of the area that you need to cover. Once you know the measurements, you can purchase extra material if necessary. For example, you might need to purchase half blocks or half slabs to cover the required length. In addition, you can split one half block with a masonry chisel to get the spacing correct.

Next, you should determine the height of the wall you plan to build. This will determine the load that it can handle. For residential retaining walls, 3 to 4 feet is a good height to select. However, you should consult an engineer if your retaining wall is intended to be taller. Higher walls can require permits, special engineering, or other design considerations.

When you are constructing a retaining wall, the materials you use should be durable. For instance, the back of the wall should be covered with a waterproof membrane. A membrane will prevent moisture from entering the wall and causing it to rot.

After the retaining wall is constructed, it should be maintained. It is especially important to ensure that it has a weep vent to allow for proper drainage. Additionally, you will need to make sure that it has control joints to relieve stress on the structure. If you choose to install a mortared retaining wall, you should use a masonry adhesive to adhere the stones.

Another option for retaining walls is to install anchors. Anchors are usually wrapped around the structure and have a deeper base. Using anchors is a stronger alternative, but you'll need to be aware of the risks associated with the installation.

Ultimately, a retaining wall must be built to withstand lateral earth pressure. That means that the vertical stress that the wall must endure is primarily dependent on the height of the backfill and the density of the material behind it.

A retaining wall can be installed by you or by a professional. Retaining walls are also available in a variety of designs and shapes. Many people like sleek modern lines, but others prefer the traditional look. There are also curved retaining walls that can be attractive for some landscapes. Whether you choose to install a retaining wall or not, you should always maintain it.

 Summer Kitchen in Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida

Planning a Summer Kitchen

A summer kitchen is a great way to enjoy a good meal outdoors. Not only does it save you money on energy bills, but it keeps the house cool, which means it's easier to hose off afterward. This is especially true if you live in a climate that tends to get hot and humid in the summer.

Summer kitchens were quite common in the mid-18th century. They were essentially small, semi-detached structures. Their main purpose was to provide a spot for preparing meals during the hottest part of the year. Besides being convenient, they were also a nice safety measure. For one, a well-stocked summer kitchen could be used as a place to store food that was out of season, such as apples or pumpkins. During the winter, a summer kitchen became a convenient way to keep foods such as milk and butter from spoiling.

While not all summer kitchens were constructed in the same manner, most sported a stove and a dining table. Most families would even set up a hutch for dry-cleaning and other household chores. The summer kitchen was considered the epitome of efficiency. It was also a good way to preserve and store foods that were not suitable for consumption until they were needed, such as meat and fish.

A summer kitchen can be made of brick, stone, or wood. Usually, they are a bit larger than the average shed. Some are equipped with appliances, such as a grill and a built-in interior set-kettle. Others are more modern, with a dining table and a kitchen counter.

When you're planning your own summer kitchen, it's important to consider the size, style, and function of each component. Your kitchen needs to be functional, comfortable, and stylish. To accomplish this, you should plan for a variety of features, including a fireplace, a fire pit, and a smoker. You can also add a cupola or a dinner bell to the roof ridge.

One of the more popular features of a summer kitchen was the ice maker. In the 'thirties and 'forties, the majority of rural Pennsylvania households didn't throw out their old ice chests until the wars ended. Despite the expense, it was a worthwhile investment, since a icebox kept food fresher longer.

Other features included a wood-fired cookstove, a large woodworking surface, and a fireplace. In some cases, a summer kitchen entailed a full-scale outbuilding, often with an open-sided fireplace. As with most home additions, the design was largely a matter of personal preference.

Even today, summer kitchens can be found in historic homes. They can be built from the same material as the main house, or they can be constructed from a different material such as concrete or brick. Traditionally, they were located near the main house, although some were attached.

Depending on the location, a summer kitchen can be a fun, functional, and cost-effective way to entertain friends and family. Just make sure to pick a reputable company.

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About Buena Ventura Lakes, Florida